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>> Dialysis Treatment
In order for blood to perform its essential functions of bringing nutrients and oxygen to the cells of the body, and carrying waste materials away from those cells, the chemical composition of the blood must be carefully controlled. Blood contains particles of many different sizes and types, including cells, proteins, dissolved ions, and organic waste products. Some of these particles, such as proteins like hemoglobin, are essential for the body. Others, such as urea (a waste product from protein metabolism), must be removed from the blood or
they will accumulate and interfere with normal metabolic processes. Still other particles, including many of the simple ions dissolved in the blood, are required by the body in certain concentrations that must be tightly regulated, especially when the intake of these chemicals varies. The body has many different means of controlling the chemical composition of the blood.

The largest responsibility for maintaining the chemistry of the blood falls to the kidneys, a pair of organs located just behind the lining of the abdominal cavity. It is the job of the kidneys to remove the harmful particles from the blood and to regulate the blood's ionic concentrations, while keeping the essential particles in the blood.
The kidneys meet these challenges through a remarkably elegant system. Essentially, kidneys act like dialysis units for blood, making use of the different sizes of the particles and specially-maintained concentration gradients. Blood passes through the membrane-lined tubules of the kidney, which are analogous to the dialysis bags used in this Experiment. Particles that can pass through the membrane pass out of the tubules by diffusion, thus separating the particles that remain in the blood from those that will be removed from the blood and excreted.
When the kidneys do not function properly, dialysis must be performed artificially. Without this artificial kidney dialysis, toxic wastes build up in the blood and tissues, and cannot be filtered out by the ailing kidneys. This condition is known as uremia, which means literally "urine in the blood." Eventually this waste build-up leads to death.

The artificial kidney uses cellulose membranes in place of the phospholipid-bilayer membranes used by real kidneys to separate the components of blood.

Treatment Choice:
Hemodialysis cleans and filters your blood using a machine to temporarily rid your body of harmful wastes, extra salt, and extra water. Hemodialysis helps control blood pressure and helps your body keep the proper balance of important chemicals such as potassium, sodium, calcium, and bicarbonate.

Hemodialysis uses a special filter called a dialyzer
that functions as an artificial kidney to clean your blood. During treatment, your blood travels through tubes into the dialyzer, which filters out wastes and extra water. Then the cleaned blood flows through another set of tubes back into your body. The dialyzer is connected to a machine that monitors blood flow and removes wastes from the blood.

Hemodialysis is usually needed three times a week. Each treatment lasts from 3 to 5 or more hours. During treatment, you can read, write, sleep, talk, or watch TV.
Treatment Choice:
Peritoneal Dialysis
Peritoneal dialysis is another procedure that removes extra water, wastes, and chemicals from your body. This type of dialysis uses the lining of your abdomen to filter your blood. This lining is called the peritoneal membrane and acts as the artificial kidney.

A mixture of minerals and sugar dissolved in water, called dialysis solution, travels through a soft tube
into your abdomen. The sugar, called dextrose, draws wastes, chemicals, and extra water from the tiny blood vessels in your peritoneal membrane into the dialysis solution. After several hours, the used solution is drained from your abdomen through the tube, taking the wastes from your blood with it. Then you fill your abdomen with fresh dialysis solution, and the cycle is repeated. The process of draining and refilling is called an exchange.
Dr Andrew Levine is also the Medical Director of the following Dialysis Clinics:

411 Lindberg
McAllen , TX 78501

Fresenius Medical Care
901 Plaza Drive
Mission , TX 78572

Fresenius Medical Care
5406 S Jackson Rd.
Edinburg , TX 78569

Fresenius Medical Care
1653 Treasure Hills Blvd
Harlingen , TX . 78550

910 S, Utah Street
Weslaco , TX 78596
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